Distributed Proofreaders, and LITUK

A short one this evening, as I'm poorly.

I've been on the Project Gutenberg mailing list for a long time, but somehow missed any reference to the Distributed Proofreaders website until now; looking forward to getting stuck in there, when I'm feeling better and have a bit more time on my hands.

That is not the case at the moment, however: I have my Splunk Architect exam next week. Plus, I did a quick calculation a few minutes ago, and it looks like I'll need to keep an eight pages per day pace if I'm to finish the Life in the UK material ahead of my test, as presently scheduled.

But not this evening; an early night is definitely in order, once I've cleaned up the kitchen. Have a good weekend, all — I gather it'll be a special one in North America. ;–) Stay safe!

End of Day 52

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Philosophies of Depth, and Britain in the Middle Ages

More zettelkasten guts, I'm afraid. First, a bit from Deep Work, and then more history for my Life in the UK test. Note, on the latter, how the Home Office tiptoes through the brambles that are English troops landing on the shores of an independent Ireland:

The English first went to Ireland as troops to help the Irish king and remained to build their own settlements.

Like he needed help getting his socks on, or some such, was my partner's comment. ;–)

The Philosophies of Depth

Four philosophies: (Pg 102-117) – Monastic: near-complete isolation – Bimodal: long stretches, of at least a day in length, often as part of a retreat from one's normal routine – Rhythmic: scheduled, regular, shorter periods (e.g., 5.30am to 7am each day) – Journalistic: not for the faint of heart – Slipping in and out of deep work as the moments arise – Newport creates a straw-man at the start of each week, and then updates that at the start of each day, as required – Requires great confidence in one's abilities, normally backed by an extensive portfolio – Be realistic in your choice; your lifestyle will dictate the philosophies that are open to you.

Britain in the Middle Ages

Tags: #lituk #history

  • AD 476 to 1485, with a focus on the period following the Norman conquest
  • In 1284, King Edward I of England annexed Wales with the Statute of Rhuddlan.
    • Castles Conwy and Caernarvon were built to secure this power.
    • The last of the Welsh rebellion was defeated by the mid 15th century.
  • Scotland remains unconquered.
    • In 1314, Robert the Bruce defeated the English at the Battle of Bannockburn.
  • The English first came to the independent country of Ireland as troops supporting the Irish king. By 1200, they ruled the Pale (around Dublin). Some important lords in other parts of Ireland also recognised the authority of the English king.
  • Many English knights took part of the Crusades.
  • English kings also fought a long war with France, called the Hundred Years War (which lasted 116 years).
    • In 1415, King Henry V's vastly outnumbered army defeated the French.
  • The English largely left France in the 1450s.
The Black Death
  • In 1348, a disease (likely a plague) killed one third of the population in England (and similar proportions in Wales, and in Scotland).
    • Feudalism — the system of land ownership used by the Normans — began to strain as a reduced population:
      • Put less demand on cereal crops; and
      • Meant there was a labour shortage.
    • Peasants demanded higher wages.
    • People moved to towns.
    • New social classes emerged, including landowners (the beginnings of the gentry).
    • England's hold on the Pale weakened.
Politics and the Law
  • A fledgling Parliament forms; a king's council of advisors, initially, including important noblemen and leaders of the Church.
  • In 1215, King John and all future monarchs are limited by the Magna Carta (or Great Charter): the king is now the same, in the eyes of the law. It also protected the rights of the nobility, and limited the king's ability to collect taxes, and make or change laws.
  • Parliaments were called for the king to consult his nobles, particularly when funds were needed. These became more popular, and two Houses were established.
    • The Commons was largely composed of knights, and wealthy city folk; they were elected, but few could participate.
    • The Lords were just that, and bishops, and wealthy landowners.
  • In Scotland, a Parliament of three Estates came to be: the lords, the commons and the clergy.
  • Legal systems took shape, with a nascent separation of judiciary from the running of government, in both England and Scotland:
    • In England, common law was established, based on previous decisions and tradition.
    • In Scotland, laws were codified (i.e., written down).
  • By 1400, in England, English was the preferred language of the royal court, the Parliament, and official documents.
    • This developed from a melding of Norman French — spoken by the nobility — and Anglo-Saxon — spoken by the peasantry.
  • The Canterbury Tales by Chaucer was one of the first books printed by England's first printing-press-driven publisher, William Caxton.
  • In Scotland, many people continue to speak Gaelic. The Scots language also develops, and poets begin writing in it (e.g., John Barbour's The Bruce, based on his famous battle).
  • English wool becomes a sought-after commodity.
  • Many people come to England, bringing special skills:
    • French weavers
    • German engineers
    • Italian glass-makers
    • Dutch canal-builders
  • The glass in York Minster dates from this time. Some other cathedrals and castles from this time have also survived.
The War of the Roses
  • This period ends with the Battle of Bosworth Field, in 1485. King Richard III, of the House of York, is killed. Henry Tudor, of the House of Lancaster, becomes King Henry VII, taking the former monarch's niece, Elizabeth, as his bride.
  • This thirty-year civil war ends with the birth of the House of Tudor; its symbol, York's white rose inside Lancaster's red.

End of notes

End of Day 51

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Hashicorp's Packer, willpower, and Canada Day!

Being on furlough is strange, for many reasons. This week, it's been the rough gear change from Splunk Architect exam prep to full-on Hashicorp plunge: being restricted to professional development means that you get jobs that can even be loosely categorised as that, while others keep the company afloat doing billable work.

It's humbling. I am happy to still have a job, make no mistake. But it's a whole separate challenge too, in these challenging times.

So, yes, this week has been a whirlwind of learning the entire Hashicorp suite of tools, and preparing a talk that is supposed to enlighten my colleagues on the company's Tech Day this Friday. I think I'll make it — just — even losing most of tomorrow to a Terraform workshop.

I think Hashicorp's Packer will really help with this Splunk lab environment project that's on the back-burner at the minute. A colleague of mine has taken it much further, using Ansible playbooks with Terraform, but I think a collection of custom Packer machine images — for labs of all configurations, as well as for demos and workshops large and small — will really save us some time, going forward.

In a nutshell, with Packer, you can bake in that configuration you've initialised through Ansible. The resulting image can be ready to deploy to any number of target environments (e.g., a Vagrant box, AWS, Docker, etc.), and much quicker than through the typical configuration management tools — if Hashicorp's documentation is accurate. I'll find out soon enough, I guess.

I'm continuing with Deep Work. I was surprised to learn that decades of research has shown that a) humans spend a very large portion of their time on this earth resisting desires — mostly around eating, sleeping and sex — and b) the willpower they employ in this never-ending struggle is finite. That is, it can be exhausted, relatively easily, at which point one succumbs to the desires of the moment, until such time as they manage to recharge their reserves (through means I have yet to read about).

So, simply put, an essential part of incorporating deep work in your life is establishing a structure — be it rituals, routines, etc. — that facilitates your immersion in that state of concentration, while minimising the drain on your limited reserves of willpower. And then making sure that you prioritise recharging those reserves in your downtime.

This too is humbling.

We're so frail. And lovely. And horrible.

Happy Canada Day, all you frail, lovely, horrible sods! ;–) And, if you want to know what today means to an old Canuck like me, I can think of no better missive than In Canada by the Hadfield brothers. Bonne fête du Canada!

Yes, Chris is that guitar-playing Bowie-fan of a (retired) astronaut — how frickin' cool is my homeland, eh?!

Well, with the exception of two small gaps, I've made it! So ends Day 50 — the halfway point — of my 100 days to offload! I continue to enjoy it, very much. Thanks for reading.

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Life in the UK test: Geography and Romans

I've started studying for my Life in the UK test next month. What follows are notes from my zettelkasten. Sorry, all: between work, children and this, I don't have time to think about anything more interesting, let alone offload it.

  • Read [[Deep Work by Cal Newport]]
  • Started [[Life in the United Kingdom- A Guide for New Residents]]

Life in the United Kingdom

Tags: #book #uk #lituk Title: Life in the United Kingdom- A Guide for New Residents Author: Home Office Published: 2020 (3rd edition) ISBN: 978-0-11-341340-9

  • Fundamental principles of British life:
    • Democracy
    • The rule of law
    • Individual liberty
    • Tolerance of other faiths and beliefs
    • Participation in community life
  • Responsibilities of all Britons are, to:
    • Respect and obey the law
    • Respect the rights of others, including their right to their own opinion
    • Treat others fairly
    • Look after yourself and your family
    • Look after your local patch, and the environment more broadly
  • The UK offers Britons:
    • Freedom of belief and religion
    • Freedom of speech
    • Freedom from unfair discrimination
    • The right to a fair trial
    • The right to join in the election of a government
  • Geography
    • The official name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    • Great Britain refers to England, Scotland and Wales
    • The Crown dependencies are:
      • The Isle of Man; and
      • The Channel Islands, made up of:
        • The Bailiwick of Jersey; and
        • The Bailiwick of Guernsey, comprising:
          • Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, and Herm
    • There are 14 British Overseas Territories:
      • Akrotiri and Dhekelia (Cyprus)
      • Anguilla (Caribbean)
      • Bermuda (North Atlantic)
      • British Antarctic Territory
      • British Indian Ocean Territory
      • British Virgin Islands (Caribbean)
      • Cayman Islands (Caribbean)
      • Falkland Islands
      • Gibraltar
      • Montserrat (Caribbean)
      • Pitcairn Islands (Pacific; officially Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands)
      • Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (South Atlantic)
      • South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (South Atlantic)
      • Turks and Caicos Islands (North Atlantic)
    • Britain became permanent separated from the continent by the Channel around 10000 years ago.
  • The UK is governed from Westminster; parliaments or assemblies, with certain devolved powers, sit in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

[[Early British history]] [[British Roman history]] [[British Anglo-Saxon history]] (Empty, for the moment)

Early British history

Tags: #lituk

  • Hunter-gatherers came and went from Britain by a land bridge in the Stone Age
  • The first farmers arrived around 6000 years ago
    • South-east European descent
    • Built the monument Stonehenge
      • Skara Brae on Orkney is another, well-preserved Stone Age site
  • Around 4000 years ago, the Bronze Age begins
    • People worked the metal (and gold), lived in roundhouses and built tombs called round barrows.
  • The British Iron Age (800 BC to AD 100) marks the beginnings of British history
    • It saw the rise of culture, economy — including the first coins to be minted in Britain — and hill forts, such as Maiden Castle, in Dorset.
    • They spoke a language that was part of the Celtic family; related languages are still spoken today in parts of Wales.

On to [[British Roman history]]

British Roman history

Tags: #lituk

  • The Romans, led by Julius Caesar, failed to conquer Britain in 55 BC.
  • In AD 43, Emperor Claudius led a successful invasion
    • Boudicca, the queen of the Iceni, is killed, in what is now eastern England; her statue stands on Westminster Bridge.
  • Areas of what is now Scotland were never conquered by the Romans, however; a wall was built — beginning in AD 122 — under Emperor Hadrian's reign, to keep the Ancient Britons (including the Picts) out.
    • Later, under Emperor Antoninus Pius, construction began on a turf wall — Antonine Wall — in AD 142, representing the northernmost frontier barrier of the Roman Empire.
  • The Roman Army left Britain in AD 410 to defend other parts of the Empire, never to return.
    • They left behind roads, public buildings, a structure of law, and new plants and animals.
  • In the third and fourth centuries AD, the first Christian communities began to appear.

On to [[British Anglo-Saxon history]]

End of Notes

End of Day 49

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Arguments for Depth: more from Deep Work

What follows is more work from my zettelkasten (contained in a single entry, on this occasion).

Note that I did listen to Huxley's Brave New World on cassette tape — yes, I'm that old — many years ago; I'm simply using the To read backlink — Obsidian's terminology — for everything I want to read or read again, for simplicity.

Deep Work by Cal Newport

Tags: #book #freud #jung #technopoly #esm #flow Title: Deep Work Author: Cal Newport Published: 2016 ISBN: 978-0-349-41190-3

  • Pg 2: Sigmund Freud was Carl Jung's mentor and friend. Then Jung published contradictory material.
    • I am fascinated, and deeply impressed, by a mind that conceives of this tower, travels to it regularly, away from the practice and patients that are surely the beginning of most of his great thoughts, and then publishes such a seminal opus against this larger-than-life figure, in his world, but also in the world of everyone around him.
  • Pg 67, under the heading The Cult of the Internet: Neil Postman is quoted, on a term that it's implied he coined: technopoly. That such a culture doesn't make its alternatives illegal or immoral. “It doesn't even make them unpopular. It makes them invisible, and therefore irrelevant.” Postman died in 2003.
    • I enjoy the Internet. I may have been an unintentional adherent to this philosophy, at one time. I don't believe I have been for many years, however.
    • I still enjoy hacking, in the traditional sense, but I believe I'm well aware of what works well on the Internet and what doesn't. Postman didn't even live to see the first tech bubble burst, or not completely. I don't think anyone could live through that without developing a healthy skepticism of technology writ large. And then there was the fallout of 2016: now everyone should understand the Internet's potential for targeting and magnifying our cognitive biases on an unprecedented scale, with truly dire consequences.

[[To read]] Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

  • Pg 77, under the heading A Neurological Argument for Depth: most people feel that life is something that happens to them; that the shape of their lives, writ large, is outside their control. Decades of research suggest just the opposite, according to Winifred Gallagher. In what she calls the grand unified theory of the mind, “our brains instead construct our worldview based on what we pay attention to.”

    • This is deeply satisfying to me. It's taken me a long time to come to a similar conclusion — that is, that some thoughts not only warrant little attention: they are actually damaging, and need to be stopped — but I do feel I've been living by it for many years now, much happier than I was as a young man, for the most part.
  • Pg 84, under the heading A Psychological Argument for Depth: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi's theory about human happiness is validated through his work with Reed Larson, broadly called the experience sampling method or ESM.

    • Achieving a mental state he called flow is directly related to the amount of satisfaction one has in their life.
    • While achieving this state in one's free time is certainly possible, its unstructured nature can present challenges.
    • Deep work, on the other hand, lends itself to flow, by its very nature.

End of Day 48

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Life in the UK test, and tmux

Well, the subject test is booked; reference material ordered. That wasn't cheap, but no part of this gruelling five-year process has been. My anxiety is way up, thinking about going to the testing centre in person. Wish I could've paid for something proctored over the Internet. Goodness knows they've come up with loads of ways to gouge me to date; can't believe they've missed this opportunity. Business figured this out long ago, folks — get with the times, dang it!

I almost thought about asking for a mental health exception; I'm confident I could get it. But I'm absolutely terrified of running afoul of this process; of being kicked out, losing my family, my job. Oh, for the day this Sword of Damocles is sheathed for good; 'til then, mind the eggshells.

I did find time to have a proper play with tmux. It's easy to see why it's so popular. I found a good introduction on YouTube, which linked to the author's associated cheat-sheet. The only omission: resizing panes; the documentation confused me on this point, but I found an excellent explanation in short order. Now I've got watch — which I only found out about through Mike, btw! — running who -uw | sed -E 's/\s+/ /g' - | cut -d" " -f1-4 - in a small pane off to the side, letting me know who's about while I play about. :–)

I'm also learning about weechat at the same time. I think I might move away from Hexchat; I don't find it intuitive or user-friendly, so, if I'm going to struggle with this return to IRC regardless, I'd like to have a snazzy, simple command-line waiting at the end of those efforts.

Oh, and I've got my backups to a decent state, finally. Timeshift snapshots sit on my new thumb drive (for that purpose alone), ready to boot, and all my documents and keepsakes are on an external hard drive, and on Keybase.

My Android phone sits outside of all that, though. Backups go to Google Photos as soon as I hit Wi-Fi, but I typically don't move everything over to my desktop until I start running out of space on my phone. So, yeah, not great on two counts. A work in progress, as I've said before.

End of Day 47

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The Social Contract has a rich history

What follows are notes from zettelkasten. I hope they retain some of their flow; I wanted to get this down, as it's been in my head for weeks, while not then spending more time away from my family to blog about those notes.

Daily note 2020-06-26

  • Watched [[How Can We Win_ by David Jones Media]]
  • Read [[Deep Work by Cal Newport]]
  • #rain

How Can We Win_ by David Jones Media

Tags: #video #racism #usa Link: Published: 06/2020

  • Referenced in the comments — https://tildes.net/~tv/pk7/police_last_week_tonight_with_john_oliver — of a Tildes post on Last Week Tonight with John Oliver.
    • I dislike that show's inconsistent policy on blocking content to those outside the US. As a result, I've given up on it.
    • Kimberly Jones is unbelievably eloquent, considering how emotional she clearly is. She's probably seen and heard quite a lot, even with this being her first day conducting interviews.
  • Kimberly Jones referenced:
    • Rosewood
      • Read [[Rosewood Massacre]], part of Wikipedia's series Nadir of American Race Relations
    • Tulsa
      • Read [[Tulsa Race Massacre]], also part of that series
    • Trevor
      • Watched [[The Daily Show with Trevor Noah 30052020]]

Rosewood Massacre

Tags: #article #wikipedia #racism #usa #florida #mena Link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosewood_massacre#Culture_of_silence Accessed: 06/2020

  • Kimberly Jones seems well informed.
  • That a reporter travelling to small-town Florida in 1982 is completely unaware of this incident is shocking, to me.
    • It seemed like the victims, and their descendants, conspired in what the article labels a culture of silence.
      • The [[Tulsa Race Massacre]] references an eerily similar fallout.
    • How different from, say, the nakba (or “catastrophe”) of 1948. Well, in terms of the reactions of the Palestinian survivors, at the time (at least as I recall), and certainly of their descendants, long before any journalists needed to dig.
      • There is more in this point, I'm certain.

Tulsa Race Massacre

Tags: #article #wikipedia #racism #usa #oklahoma Link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tulsa_race_massacre Accessed: 06/2020

  • The associated state commission published their report in 2001.
  • The state curriculum only now, this year, references the incident.
  • That is deeply shocking to me, even after what's seeped into my psyche — despite my best efforts to isolate, for my own mental health — surrounding the death of George Floyd, and the prominence of Black Lives Matter.

The Daily Show with Trevor Noah 30052020

Tags: #video #racism #usa Link: Published: 05/2020

  • Trevor Noah is very eloquent. If this wasn't him speaking off the top of his head, he certainly did a thorough job of editing.
  • Two points stand out:
    • That footage of Amy Cooper is significant.
      • As a cis white male regularly pushing out the boundaries of my empathy, I can't hope to understand what it means to actually see a white woman — a 'Karen' — knowingly use her proxy power, in the form of the police. And, therefore, to knowingly put a black man's life in danger. Because she could.
    • IIRC — as it's been a few weeks since I watched this — Noah talks about the social contract in more general terms. (Very effectively, I might add.) It reminded me of [[The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau]].

The Social Contract by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Tags: #book Title: The Social Contract Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau Published: 1762

[[To read]]

For Rousseau there is a radical dichotomy between true law and actual law. Actual law... simply protects the status quo. True law... is just law, and what ensures its being just is that it is made by the people in their collective capacity as sovereign and obeyed by the same people in their individual capacities as subjects. Rousseau is confident that such laws could not be unjust because it is inconceivable that any people would make unjust laws for itself.

– So much of Rousseau seems to be predicated on the idea of “civil society as an artificial person united by a general will, or volonté générale.” A laudable ideal that the US is still clearly falling well short of.

Rousseau... says that under the pact by which they enter civil society people totally alienate themselves and all their rights to the whole community. Rousseau, however, represents this act as a form of exchange of rights whereby people give up natural rights in return for civil rights. The bargain is a good one, because what is surrendered are rights of dubious value, whose realization depends solely on an individual’s own might, and what is obtained in return are rights that are both legitimate and enforced by the collective force of the community.

– Emphasis mine, and one of the main thrusts in [[The Daily Show with Trevor Noah 30052020]], without direct reference (again, IIRC).


I'd be interested in any feedback you have: is this jarring, annoying, interesting, largely similar to any other blog post? You can mention me on Fosstodon, or, if you'd prefer, email jlj@ctrl-c.club.

End of Day 46

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Privacy-friendly community

I do apologise for missing yesterday. It wasn't that I was burning the midnight oil or some such. I just needed an earlier night, and my daughter wasn't happy sleeping in the warm temperatures we're experiencing in the UK right now. (Tonight is going better, fingers crossed.) She did go off eventually, bless her, after using up my blogging window.

This post will be a bit of a smorgasbord. (I won't litter it with horizontal rules, though.) I found the XXIIVV webring a few days ago, and I've been having fun exploring.

Fascinating designs: XXIIVV personal wiki

I've even put in for membership, although it seems like they've got a few pull requests piling up.

Regardless, it led me to some great sites: I found out about Aether through Romain's list of privacy-friendly products. I found a basic org-mode tutorial through Konstantine's link summary for February of this year. I also found a really heartfelt post about grief, which led me to another that I really identified with; I've blogged about it before: losing friends, and reliving the decisions leading up to that.

It's probably because I'm so focussed on it lately, but I've found at least three digital gardens/personal wikis recently; seemingly by chance. Maybe I should be publishing the work I'm doing in Obsidian; it would certainly alleviate the problem of forgetting what I've blogged about versus what I've just noted. I posted a few entries from zettelkasten in Aether yesterday, as part of a comment. Further thought required, I think. If nothing else, I'd be a bit embarrassed by my threadbare process at the moment; really need to go through some of these tutorials, before the inevitable clean-up becomes a task of epic proportions.

End of Day 45

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The Salisbury Poisonings, and revision

Note: no spoilers follow.

Lots more revision for my Splunk Enterprise Certified Architect exam today. I postponed it again as well, to a week's time. I'm just not getting through the material quickly enough. The deployment plan, and the process around it, is weighted as 2% of the questions, yet I spent half a day on that easily. When most of the sections are weighted as 5% of the exam, there aren't any corners to cut, as far as I'm concerned; add to that that I'll have to do all this stuff on the job anyway — assuming furlough doesn't end with being laid off, of course — and I'd just be stealing from Peter to pay Paul, as no one says these days.

My revision document is up to 14 pages now. I think it's more legible than my Admin one, which was 23 pages by the end, its skeleton completely collapsed: I could either read it cover-to-cover, or search it; as a reference, it was, and is, useless. Everything's Google at work, but I've been making liberal use of bookmarks and shorthand references to the course docs in my Architect one, all against a straw man of the exam blueprint. It still makes sense, for the moment, although the miscellaneous blob at the end has been growing.

With each day that passes, I grok more of the utility in a zettelkasten, even as the pressure of my deadline increases, precluding trialling it, let alone running it as my main knowledge base.

In a rare burst, we binged The Salisbury Poisonings over two nights. Absolutely fantastic television. Say what you want about the BBC: I'll look to this, and Fleabag, and be very pleased.

Writing like this puts it on my must-watch list. To get the performances we saw — sometimes in such a small amount of screen time — as well is so rare. A gem. Of horrifying, utterly sad material. The directing was inspired at times too: particularly some of the point of view shots, I thought.

Everything else will suffer for having followed this, that's for sure.

End of Day 44

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Killswitch (2014): Snowden != Swartz

I finished the subject film last night. (It's neat that the Internet Archive hosts it and The Internet's Own Boy, btw. The nostalgic post-feature walk down my 90s presence in the Wayback Machine was very enjoyable.) I liked it. I thought it was well-cut and compelling. I know I'm too old for their target audience, but I was put off by the conflation of Swartz and Snowden's causes; I think it's a bit of a stretch, and, more importantly, threatens to blur the clear lines between the two associated acts.

We'll never know why Swartz pillaged JSTOR — I assume, unless information has come to light in the last six or seven years; as I said, my mental health isn't up to digging too deeply on this sad tale — but TIOB speculates convincingly on the point, and regardless, no one was actually harmed (to the best of my knowledge). I think that that's a much harder argument to make in the case of Snowden: the sheer volume of data he provided to journalists — and, therefore, to many actors, most of whom don't wish his country well — defies human consumption (let alone screening for harm) in any reasonable time frame.

Still, as implied, I'd imagine that that editorial decision went down well with the target audience. And I very much consider Killswitch to be time well spent.

One final note: they included more footage from one of the Lessig interviews used in TIOB, and I couldn't help but think that, as a whole, that material painted the man in a slightly different light: he looked broken. Completely broken. After TIOB, I felt he'd been irrevocably changed, but was still intact. I did not have that impression as Killswitch ended.

End of Day 43

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